Fast facts about diabetes | Phoenix Sun

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Phoenix Durban

In 2013, it was estimated that over 382 million people throughout the world had diabetes.
4 hours ago

Diabetes is a long-term condition which causes high blood sugar levels.
In 2013, it was estimated that over 382 million people throughout the world had diabetes.
Type one diabetes – the body does not produce insulin. About 10 percent of all diabetes cases are type one.
Type two diabetes – the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function. About 90 percent of all cases of diabetes worldwide are of this type.
Gestational diabetes – this type affects females during pregnancy.
The most common diabetes symptoms include frequent urination, intense thirst and hunger, weight gain, unusual weight loss, fatigue, cuts and bruises that do not heal, male sexual dysfunction, numbness and tingling in hands and feet.
If you have type one and follow a healthy eating plan, do adequate exercise, and take insulin, you can lead a normal life.
Type two patients need to eat healthily, be physically active, and test their blood glucose. They may also need to take oral medication, and or insulin to control blood glucose levels.
As the risk of cardiovascular disease is much higher for a diabetic, it is crucial that blood pressure and cholesterol levels are monitored regularly.
As smoking might have a serious effect on cardiovascular health, diabetics should stop smoking.
Both hypoglycaemia (low blood glucose) and hyperglycaemia (when blood glucose is too high) can have a bad effect on the patient.

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