Can MPs prevent no-deal?
MPs will still sit for a total of around four weeks before October 31, meaning that stopping no-deal “is definitely still possible”, according to analyst Thimont Jack.
Previous legislation forcing Johnson’s predecessor Theresa May to ask for a Brexit deadline extension took two days to pass, but the process could be much more difficult this time around, warned Craig.
MPs will need to find a way of taking control of the parliamentary timetable, and even if they succeed, Johnson’s “prerogative powers”, which give the government control over treaties, present a “big problem”, said Craig.
“If you pass an act that affects the prerogative, then you have to get Queen’s consent, which requires a minister to approve it.”
Does it make an election more likely?
With the legislative route looking more arduous, MPs could decide that defeating Johnson in a vote of no confidence and triggering a general election is the best path forward.
MPs would have 14 days in such a scenario to form an alternative government that could sign a Brexit extension.
But they have so far failed to unite around a lead candidate.
If Johnson or an alternative figure cannot win a confidence vote within the 14 days, a general election would be triggered. But there is no guarantee that it could take place before October 31.