ON 21 March 1960 Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe made arrangements for the safety of his family.He then left his dompas at home and led a march to the Orlando Police Station.He was arrested and charged with sedition (resistance to the established authority) when he arrived at the station. On 4 May Sobukwe, the founder member of the Pan Africanist Congress, was sentenced to three years in prison.At the end of the sentence he was detained under a law that became known as the Sobukwe Clause, which allowed the Minister of Justice to renew his sentence by one year every year for an indefinite period.Sobukwe was moved to Robben Island where he remained for six years. He was held in a house some distance away from other prisoners and not allowed to communicate with anybody, including the warders.The clause was never used to detain anyone else. On his release in 1969 he returned to Kimberley but remained under a banning order which prevented him from participating in any political activities.
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