*Today, 106 years ago, South African Police (SAP) is founded.*
Tuesday, 1 April 1913
In 1913 the Police Bill were both enacted and the authorisation for the establishment of a national police force was given. The South African Police (SAP) was the successor to the police forces of the Cape Colony, the Natal Colony, the Orange River Colony and the Transvaal Colony. The entire force had to be restructured and for a short period the South African Defence Force’s (SADF) military police assisted the SAP where necessary.
The South African Police was the successor to the police forces of the Cape Colony, the Natal Colony, the Orange River Colony, and the Transvaal Colony in law enforcement in South Africa. Proclamation 18 formed the South African Police on 1 April 1913 with the amalgamation of the police forces of the four old colonies after the founding of the Union of South Africa in 1910.The first Commissioner of Police was Colonel Theo G Truter with 5,882 men under his command. The SAP originally policed cities and urban areas, while the South African Mounted Riflemen, a branch of the Union Defence Force, enforced the state’s writ in rural areas.During World War I, the SAP took over the Riflemen’s jurisdiction, and most Riflemen personnel were transferred to the SAP by the end of the 1910s. By 1926, the South African Mounted Riflemen were disbanded and their duties taken over by the South African Police
_Courtesy of Today in South African History Group_